Chelyabinsk is a city and the administrative center of Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located in the northeast of the oblast, 210 kilometers (130 mi) south of Yekaterinburg, just to the east of the Ural Mountains, on the Miass River, on the border of Europe and Asia.
The architecture of the Chelyabinsk is determined by the change of historical eras in the development of Russia. Before the revolution of 1917 the city was a trading centre, with numerous merchant buildings in style eclecticism and modern with elements Russian Revival architecture, they are stored on a pedestrian street Chelyabinsk “Kirovka”.
From the late '20s industrialization
started. The construction of large plants was accompanied by the
construction of a brand new residential and public buildings in the
style of constructivism. Entire neighborhoods built in the style of constructivism can be seen in the area of the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant (CTZ, ChTZ).
Since the late '30s in the city came a new era associated with construction of monumental buildings in the Stalinist architecture. It is in this style is constructed in substantially the center of the city of Chelyabinsk and central avenue.
With 60 years in the city was conducted intensive housing construction tower blocks.
During this period the city had reached a population of one million
people, and on his map there is such a large residential area as the
"Severo-Zapad" (English: North-West).
Since the '90s, market reforms, the city began an intensive
construction of office buildings for business and major shopping malls
in style postmodern architecture and high-tech.
Chelyabinsk has 17 public parks. The largest of them is one of the best in Russia - Chelyabinsk Central Park, named after Gagarin.
Its territory is saved in the urban forest, where, among pine trees and
granite rocks there are several picturesque ex-quarries now flooded